Growing grapes at home aren’t that much different from how they’re grown in a large vineyard. When you start growing your grapes you may discover you’ve got some enemies. These include birds and insects. All these could hinder the ideal harvest you’re aspiring to! Here’s a rundown on some of the most common culprits:

Cane borer – loves to strike the grape cane as shoots start to harden. Adult Cane borers burrow into live canes in search of wintering sites. The adult borers feed on the dead wood in the vineyard and they produce sawdust that shows up on the leaves. Visible sawdust on grape leaves may be an indication of their existence in the vineyard, especially in late autumn or early winter. Adult borers can reach around 3 inches in length. The young of the cane borer are legless creatures with flat heads.

Phylloxera — strikes the grape vine’s root system. This bug will kill your grape vine in only a couple months if you leave it untreated. The phylloxera is almost microscopic in size. The resulting weakened roots and a fungal disease that comes after the first attack can control the roots, cutting off the flow of water and nutrients to the vine. Browse Before you begin searching for┬áChasing pigeons.



Cane gallmaker – creates noticeable red galls on new shoot growth just above nodes. The vast majority of galls appears from the fruit clusters and cause no severe crop loss. Vines with galls can still produce a crop the next year. Cane gallmakers reproduce only once each year. You want to obtain these pests before they replicate. Mature gallmakers measure only 3 millimeters in length.

The gallmaker lays its eggs in late autumn and hibernates through the winter on your vines. Then it starts to molt during early spring. To locate this pest, start looking for any swelling in the shoots and also search for round exit holes on the shoots which are produced by the leaving adult gallmaker larvae.

Apart from those insects already mentioned above, a bunch of other insects also wish to feast in your vines and growing grapes. They include Leafhoppers, Japanese beetle, Rose chafer, Eight-spotted forester, Grape berry moth, Grasshoppers, Sphinx moth, and Leafroller. Learning how to control and identify every one is crucial to having a healthy productive vineyard.